Intermediate children continue to develop their knowledge of how words work. They have a firm foundation in word patterns and how to take apart words in both reading and writing. They have learned how to take words apart quickly and efficiently using word patterns such as –ink or –ight. They have also learned how to decode by analogy, but they need further instruction in three areas: prefixes and suffixes, less common letter combinations, and vocabulary development.
Prefixes and Suffixes
- Children learn common prefixes such as un-, re-, dis-, and im-.
- They also learn suffixes such as -ly, -ful, -tion, -sion, and -able.
- Learning prefixes and suffixes helps children take apart multi-syllabic words and use the meaning of those parts to infer the meaning of an unknown word.
Other Activities to Support Phonics
A word sort is an activity that requires students to group words into different categories. Word sorts draw the student’s attention to a particular skill and help students make generalizations about how words work. Sorts help children learn a word pattern, spelling rule, or other phonics skill.