Using reading comprehension strategies is used by the teachers based on various factors to make the students understand their lessons better. The age of the students, their capabilities and the concept to be understood determine the strategies to be used. The strategies that can be used for fictional text cannot be used for the nonfictional texts too.
When dealing with nonfiction text, the bolded prints and the graphics used in the books can help them to understand the concept better. When the actual text reading takes place, it is possible for the students to find it difficult to understand a few words. So, using the words in various other scenarios, before the actual reading takes place is a good option.
For instance, when geographical lessons are taught, the students come across words like topography. The teacher needs to introduce the words in other scenarios before the reading comprehension takes place. The students should be asked to comment on the text, and they should be encouraged to make a connection with the previously read lessons. This gives a complete understanding. Finally, the teacher needs to ask open and close-ended questions to evaluate the understanding of the students.